Archimedes’ Secret (Full Version)

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This is the story of a book that could have changed the history of the World. To the untrained eye, it is nothing more than a small and unassuming Byzantine prayer book, yet it sold at Christies for over $2m. For faintly visible beneath the prayers on its pages are other, unique, writings – words that have been lost for nearly two thousand years.

The text is the only record of work by one of the world’s greatest minds – the ancient Greek, Archimedes – a mathematical genius centuries ahead of his time. Hidden for a millennium in a middle eastern library, it has been written over, broken up, painted on, cut up and re-glued. But in the nick of time scientists have saved the precious, fragile document, and for the first time it is revealing just how revolutionary Archimedes’ ideas were. If it had been available to scholars during the Renaissance, we might have reached the Moon over a hundred years ago.

The trail begins in the tenth century, when a scribe made a unique copy of the most important mathematics that Archimedes ever developed. For 200 years the document survived, but the mathematics in it was so complex that no one paid it any attention. So when one day a monk was looking for some new parchment – an expensive commodity at the time – to write a new prayer book, the answer seemed obvious. He used the Archimedes manuscript. He washed the Greek text off the pages, cut them in half, rebound them, and turned the Archimedes manuscript into an everyday prayer book. As he piously wrote out his prayers, he had no idea of the genius he was obliterating.

Several hundred years later, the Renaissance was under way. Scientists were beginning to grapple with new concepts, working out how mathematics could be used to explain the World around them. Little did they know that many of the problems they were just encountering Archimedes had already solved more than a thousand years before. So, tragically, they had to do that research all over again, setting back the development of science and technology immeasurably.

Then in 1906, in Constantinople, the document mysteriously turned up in a monastic library. An opportunistic scholar called Johan Ludwig Heiberg identified the text as Archimedes’ writings. Although the Greek text was very faint, Heiberg was able to decipher some of it. What he found astonished him, and made the front page of the New York Times. He revealed that Archimedes’ manuscript contained something called ‘The Method’, which showed not only Archimedes’ final proofs, but for the first time revealed the process of how he went about making his discoveries.

 

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Iran: Yesterday and Today (Full Version), 4.6 out of 5 based on 33 ratings
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Iran: Yesterday and Today (Full Version)

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Join Rick Steves as he explores the most surprising and fascinating land he’s ever visited: Iran. In this one-hour, ground-breaking travel special, you’ll discover the splendid monuments of Iran’s rich and glorious past, learn more about the 20th-century story of this perplexing nation, and experience Iranian life today in its historic capital and in a countryside village. Most importantly, you’ll meet the people of a nation whose government has so exasperated our own.

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Iran: Yesterday and Today (Full Version), 4.6 out of 5 based on 33 ratings
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6 comments to Iran: Yesterday and Today (Full Version)

  • mikael

    Iran is the cradle for almoust everything regarding sience and writing, math andmusic, the ancient Zoroasrthic religion that is the oldest of the ancient near easten worlds.

    Aryans, a notion so fu.. that the original use is forgotten, Aryan is the word Iranian, the Aryan comes from the same notion used on chritians, an Aryan is a follower of and has the writings of the Aryan Avesta, as its “bibel”, their god was Azhura Mazda, a Fire god(why I have no time to do that, right now).
    The Old Testament is more or less a copy of Gilgamesj.
    A.s.o. most of what we have to day comes from the Aryans, they ruled a wast teritory from India to the Midle East, they are NOT Arabs(semittic) they are Persians, In my world.
    A beutyfull and knowledgable People, whom I have a very deep respect for.
    And dont forgett, veside the USA/Israel there is a 3lagest “Jew” populatin in the world, and the oldest one.

    There is absolutly no reason what so ever to attac Iran, of course they wil loose in the end, but thats my consern, a ancient nation redused to dust, bombed back to stoneage, because of the lunatic in Israel wants it.

    peace

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    Rating: +11 (from 11 votes)
  • Nathan

    I am depressed about the sad state of the modern west. F*** Israel’s warmongering. They better leave them alone. If not, I’d rather defend Iran than any western government.

    I’ve just recently been doing some research into Iran, and I like what I’ve found.
    What Mikael has said is spot-on it seems.

    I’d love to visit Persia to see first-hand what they offer in way of culture.

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    Rating: +8 (from 8 votes)
    • kpryan

      I’m always pleased when I read that people are doing research on their own, and not simply turning on the TV for the noise that furthers their indoctrination in the world of lies.

      I had hoped to travel to Syria and Iran this Sept/Oct but unfortunately my plans fell through.

      I pray this time next year there will still be a Syria and Iran to travel to and visit.

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      Rating: +1 (from 1 vote)
  • Ahmed

    one note : majority of Iraq are Shiite !! this war was not religious as the guide the explained

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  • James Power

    What a beautiful country and people.May you see another two and a half thousand years of peace.

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    Rating: +2 (from 2 votes)
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